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BPCS-185: Developing Emotional Competence

BPCS-185: Developing Emotional Competence

IGNOU Solved Assignment Solution for 2023-24

If you are looking for BPCS-185 IGNOU Solved Assignment solution for the subject Developing Emotional Competence, you have come to the right place. BPCS-185 solution on this page applies to 2023-24 session students studying in BSCG, BAG, BAECH, BAHIH, BAPSH, BAPCH, BAPAH, BASOH, BSCANH, BAEGH courses of IGNOU.

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Assignment Solution

Assignment Code: BPCS-185/Asst /TMA /2023-24

Course Code: BPCS-185

Assignment Name: Developing Emotional Competence

Year: 2023-2024

Verification Status: Verified by Professor

Assignment One


Answer the following descriptive category questions in about 500 words each. Each question carries 20 marks.


Q1) Define emotional intelligence. Discuss the historical development and components of emotional intelligence.

Ans) The term "emotional intelligence" (EI) refers to the capacity to identify, comprehend, control, and make effective use of one's own and other people's feelings in order to successfully navigate social interactions, make decisions, and deal with obstacles. Accurately identifying emotions, successfully utilising emotions to facilitate thinking, comprehending emotions, and effectively controlling emotions in oneself and others are all components of this process.


Historical Development:

 The concept of emotional intelligence has evolved through various contributions:

a)     Early Influences: The observations that Charles Darwin made regarding the display of emotions in both animals and humans established the groundwork for understanding the role of emotions in the evolutionary process.

b)     Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences The concept of multiple intelligences was first proposed by Gardner in 1983. This concept suggests that cognitive talents are not the sole type of intelligence. He made a passing reference to the concept of "personal intelligence," which is conceptually related to emotional intelligence.

c)     Salovey and Mayer's Model: In the early 1990s, Peter Salovey and John Mayer came up with the concept of "emotional intelligence," which they defined as the capacity to recognise, comprehend, control, and make good use of one's feelings. An emotional management paradigm with four branches was presented by them. These branches included recognising, facilitating, comprehending, and managing emotions.

d)     Daniel Goleman's Popularization: Goleman's book "Emotional Intelligence" in 1995 brought EI to public attention. He emphasized its significance in personal and professional success, proposing a mixed model that included self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skills.


Components of Emotional Intelligence:

a)     Self-Awareness: It requires being aware of and having an awareness of one's feelings, as well as one's values, strengths, and shortcomings, and how these affect other people. Individuals who are self-aware are able to appropriately evaluate their emotional state and the ways in which it influences their ideas and actions.

b)     Self-Regulation: This aspect involves skilfully managing and controlling one's emotions, impulses, and reactions in order to achieve the desired results. It entails maintaining composure in the face of pressure, adjusting to new circumstances, and gaining control of disruptive emotions.

c)     Motivation: Motivational competence involves using emotions to drive and sustain motivation towards achieving personal and professional goals. Individuals high in motivation exhibit passion, persistence, and resilience in pursuing objectives.

d)     Empathy: Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings, perspectives, and experiences of others. It involves being attentive to others' emotions, showing compassion, and perceiving situations from diverse viewpoints.

e)     Social Skills: Social competence encompasses adeptness in managing relationships, collaborating, and communicating effectively. It includes skills like effective communication, conflict resolution, teamwork, and leadership.


These components form the basis for understanding and assessing emotional intelligence. They interact and influence each other, contributing to an individual's ability to perceive, understand, and manage emotions both within themselves and in their interactions with others.


The development of emotional intelligence involves ongoing self-reflection, learning, and practice. Strategies like mindfulness, emotional regulation techniques, empathy-building exercises, and communication skills training can enhance emotional intelligence. Cultivating these components of EI leads to improved self-awareness, better decision-making, stronger relationships, and overall well-being in personal and professional spheres.


Q2) Explain the meaning and importance of self-control. Describe the strategies to develop self-control.

Ans) The capacity to control one's impulses, to maintain emotional equilibrium, and to exercise self-discipline in order to pursue long-term goals in spite of present temptations or distractions is what we mean when we talk about self-control. It entails controlling disruptive emotions and actions, making decisions after giving them some thought, and keeping one's attention on the goals and objectives at hand. The significance of self-control resides in the fact that it has an effect on many different parts of life, including personal growth, relationships, academic or professional achievement, and overall well-being.


Importance of Self-Control:

a)     Academic and Professional Success: Individuals who possess self-control are able to keep their attention on the work at hand, efficiently manage their time, and persevere through the process, all of which contribute to improved academic success and professional productivity.

b)     Emotional Well-Being: In addition to building emotional stability and resilience, it assists in the management of stress, the regulation of emotions, and the reduction of impulsive reactions.

c)     Healthy Relationships: Having self-control makes it easier to resolve conflicts, communicate effectively, and empathise with others, all of which contribute to relationships that are healthier and more harmonious.

d)     Health and Wellness: By assisting in the resistance to unhealthy behaviours such as overeating, substance misuse, or excessive spending, it contributes to the physical well-being of individuals, thereby supporting individuals in making healthier lifestyle choices.


Strategies to Develop Self-Control:

a)     Set Clear Goals: Define specific, achievable objectives and break them into smaller, manageable steps. Clear goals provide direction and motivation.

b)     Practice Mindfulness: Engage in mindfulness practices like meditation or deep breathing to enhance self-awareness, emotional regulation, and impulse control.

c)     Build Self-Awareness: Reflect on emotions, triggers, and patterns of behaviour to understand impulses better. Increased self-awareness aids in managing reactions effectively.

d)     Delay Gratification: Practice delaying immediate rewards for long-term benefits. This strengthens willpower and cultivates patience.

e)     Create Routines and Habits: Establish consistent routines and habits to automate positive behaviours, reducing the need for constant decision-making.

f)      Stress Management: Employ stress-reducing techniques like exercise, relaxation, or seeking social support to manage stress levels, which can weaken self-control.

g)     Environmental Modifications: Restructure the environment by eliminating temptations or creating supportive surroundings, reducing the likelihood of succumbing to impulses.


Implementing Self-Control Strategies - Personal Experience:

a)     Issue: I struggled with procrastination, affecting my productivity and causing stress.

b)     Strategies Used: I employed goal setting, mindfulness, and routine-building strategies. I set clear, achievable daily goals, practiced mindfulness to stay focused on tasks, and established a consistent work routine.

c)     Duration: I implemented these strategies for two months, starting with setting daily goals and incorporating mindfulness into my routine.

d)     Difficulties Faced: Initially, maintaining focus and resisting distractions or procrastination was challenging. Overcoming ingrained habits required constant reminders and discipline.

e)     Outcome: Gradually, following the set routine became easier. Achieving daily goals provided a sense of accomplishment, motivating me to maintain consistency and resist procrastination.


Overall Experience: Implementing self-control strategies significantly improved my productivity and reduced stress. While challenging initially, persistently following the strategies reinforced self-discipline and focus. The structured approach became habitual, contributing to increased productivity and a more organized work routine.


Q3) Explain the meaning of emotional competence. Describe the strategies to develop emotional competence.

Ans) When we talk about emotional competence, we are referring to the capacity to comprehend, control, and effectively communicate one's own and other people's feelings. Individuals are able to manage emotions, relationships, and social situations with ease when they possess a set of abilities and behaviours that are referred to as emotional intelligence. A number of different components are included in the concept of emotional competence. These include self-awareness, self-regulation, empathy, social skills, and the ability to articulate emotions.


Strategies to Develop Emotional Competence:


a)     Practice Mindfulness: Increasing your self-awareness of your thoughts and feelings can be accomplished through the practise of mindfulness techniques such as meditation or deep breathing.

Journaling: It is important to constantly reflect on feelings, triggers, and reactions in order to develop a deeper sense of self-awareness and to comprehend emotional patterns.


a)     Emotion Regulation Techniques: Practice techniques like deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or visualization to manage emotions effectively.

b)     Cognitive Restructuring: Challenge negative thoughts and reframe them positively to regulate emotional responses.



a)     Active Listening: Develop active listening skills to understand others' emotions and perspectives genuinely.

b)     Perspective-Taking: Put yourself in others' shoes to understand their feelings and viewpoints better, fostering empathy.


Social Skills:

a)     Effective Communication: Enhance communication skills by practicing active listening, assertiveness, and clear expression of thoughts and emotions.

b)     Conflict Resolution: Learn conflict resolution techniques, negotiation skills, and problem-solving strategies to manage interpersonal conflicts.


Emotional Expression:

a)     Artistic Outlets: Express emotions through creative means like art, music, or writing to enhance emotional expression and release pent-up feelings.

b)     Constructive Communication: Learn to express emotions assertively and constructively, avoiding passive-aggressive or overly aggressive communication styles.


Implementing Strategies to Develop Emotional Competence - Personal Experience:

Issue: I struggled with managing stress and regulating my emotions, impacting my relationships and overall well-being.


Strategies Used:

a)     Mindfulness and Self-Awareness: I started practicing mindfulness for ten minutes daily and maintained a journal to track emotions, triggers, and reactions.

b)     Emotion Regulation Techniques: I incorporated deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation into my daily routine to manage stress and anxiety.

c)     Empathy Development: I practiced active listening during conversations, focusing on understanding others' perspectives without judgment.

d)     Social Skills Improvement: I enrolled in a communication skills workshop to enhance assertiveness and conflict resolution abilities.

e)     Emotional Expression: I began journaling as a creative outlet to express emotions and thoughts freely.

f)      Duration: I dedicated three months to consistently implement these strategies into my daily routine.

g)     Difficulties Faced: Initially, maintaining a regular mindfulness practice and employing emotion regulation techniques was challenging due to distractions and lack of consistency. Developing active listening skills and assertive communication required conscious effort and practice.

h)     Outcome: Over time, practicing mindfulness became a habit, leading to increased self-awareness and better stress management. I noticed improvements in empathetic listening and assertive communication, positively impacting my relationships.


Overall Experience: Implementing strategies to develop emotional competence significantly enhanced my well-being and relationships. Consistent practice and effort in various areas of emotional competence led to increased self-awareness, improved emotional regulation, and better interpersonal skills. These strategies became an integral part of my daily routine, fostering a more emotionally competent and resilient approach to life.


Assignment Two


Answer the following short category questions in about 100 words each. Each question carries 5 marks.


Q4) Benefits of emotional intelligence.

Ans) Emotional intelligence offers numerous benefits, including improved relationships, effective communication, better decision-making, heightened self-awareness, enhanced empathy, reduced stress, stronger leadership skills, increased resilience, and improved mental well-being. People who have a higher emotional intelligence are more likely to be able to negotiate social settings with ease, effectively manage conflicts, create better connections, and demonstrate greater adaptability in a variety of life domains. Through this enhanced awareness and management of emotions, one is able to have relationships that are more satisfying, achieve more success in professional efforts, and experience an overall improvement in the quality of their life.


Q5) Components of emotions.

Ans) Emotions comprise several components:

a)     Subjective Experience: Personal sensations that are connected to a particular emotion (e.g., joy, fear).

b)     Physiological Response: Shifts in physical appearance brought on by feelings (e.g., increased heart rate, sweating).

c)     Cognitive Appraisal: The interpretation or appraisal of the circumstances that led to the feeling.

d)     Behavioural Expression: There are outward manifestations that are aligned with the emotion that is being felt, such as facial expressions, body language, or actions. Through an understanding of these components, one can gain a deeper comprehension of the complexities of emotional reactions.


Q6) The emotional competence model.

Ans) The Emotional Competence Model encompasses a range of skills fostering emotional intelligence. It includes self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skills. Self-awareness involves recognizing emotions, self-regulation focuses on managing impulses, while motivation drives goal achievement. Empathy relates to understanding others' emotions, and social skills involve effective communication and relationship management. Developed by Daniel Goleman, this model highlights the interplay between these competencies, impacting personal and professional success. It places an emphasis on the significance of comprehending, expressing, and effectively controlling one's emotions, which can lead to improvements in decision-making, interpersonal relationships, and general well-being.


Q7) Self-regulation and self-motivation.

Ans) Self-regulation refers to managing impulses, emotions, and behaviours effectively. It involves controlling disruptive emotions and adapting to change while maintaining composure. Self-motivation relates to the drive and persistence towards achieving goals despite obstacles. It involves using emotions to fuel motivation, exhibiting resilience and passion. Both self-regulation and self-motivation are integral components of emotional intelligence, influencing decision-making, perseverance, and success. Both self-regulation and self-motivation are important in maintaining the drive to achieve long-term goals. Self-regulation offers assistance in managing reactions. When taken as a whole, they lead to improved emotional competence, improved decision-making, and more resilience when it comes to handling adversities.


Q8) Developing positive attitude.

Ans) Developing a positive attitude involves cultivating optimism, gratitude, and resilience. Practice reframing negative thoughts into positive ones, focusing on solutions rather than problems. Surround yourself with supportive and uplifting influences. Embrace challenges as opportunities for growth, learning from setbacks. Express gratitude daily, acknowledging positives in life. Engage in activities that bring joy and fulfilment. Foster a growth mindset, believing in your ability to improve. Celebrate successes, no matter how small. Over time, these habits shape a positive mindset, enhancing overall well-being, resilience, and the ability to navigate life's challenges with optimism and determination.


Q9) Sub-components of social skill and their behavioural description.

Ans) Social skills encompass various sub-components crucial for effective interactions:

a)     Effective Communication: The ability to articulate oneself clearly, to listen attentively, and to have meaningful conversations.

b)     Conflict Resolution: The process of mediating arguments, making compromises, and locating solutions that result in mutual benefits.

c)     Empathy: Knowing the feelings of other people, demonstrating compassion, and providing assistance are all important.

d)     Assertiveness: The ability to effectively express one's thoughts, establish limits, and respectfully advocate for oneself are all important.

e)     Teamwork: Being able to work together, cooperate, and make a significant contribution inside a group in order to achieve common objectives. Each of the subcomponents contains particular activities that are essential for accomplishing social interactions and establishing relationships successfully.


Q10) Functions of emotions.

Ans) Emotions serve multifaceted functions in human experience:

a)     Adaptation: Guiding responses to environmental stimuli, assisting in survival and decision-making, and facilitating survival.

b)     Communication: Communication of one's internal states, intentions, and needs to other people through non-verbal means.

c)     Social Bonds: Strengthening interpersonal connections, fostering empathy, and cooperation.

d)     Memory Enhancement: affects the formation of memories and the ability to recall them based on emotional experiences.

e)     Motivation: Driving behaviour towards goals, shaping actions based on desires and values.

f)      Attention and Focus: Directing attention to relevant stimuli, aiding in cognitive processes and decision-making. Emotions play a vital role in guiding behaviour, social interactions, and cognitive functioning.


Q11) Differentiate between emotion and feeling.

Ans)The difference between emotion and feeling:

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