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MSWE-007: International Social Work

MSWE-007: International Social Work

IGNOU Solved Assignment Solution for 2023-24

If you are looking for MSWE-007 IGNOU Solved Assignment solution for the subject International Social Work, you have come to the right place. MSWE-007 solution on this page applies to 2023-24 session students studying in MSW courses of IGNOU.

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Assignment Code: MSWE-007/TMA/2023-24

Course Code: MSWE-007

Assignment Name: International Social Work

Year: 2023-2024

Verification Status: Verified by Professor



Note: (i) Answer all the five questions.

(ii) All questions carry equal marks.

(iii) Answers to question no. 1 and 2 should not exceed 600 words each


Q1) Describe the various perspectives of international social work.

Ans) International social work represents a comprehensive approach aimed at addressing global social issues and fostering social change on a transnational scale. It encompasses various perspectives and approaches that highlight different facets of social work practice in an international context, emphasizing the following key dimensions:


a) Human Rights and Social Justice:

1) Advocacy and Empowerment: International social work prioritizes advocacy efforts geared towards promoting human rights, social justice, and equality for marginalized populations worldwide. Empowerment strategies focus on uplifting disadvantaged communities, enabling them to access their rights and resources.

2) Policy Development: It emphasizes the formulation and implementation of policies that safeguard human rights and address social disparities across borders. These policies are aimed at protecting vulnerable groups, preventing discrimination, and promoting equity on a global level.


b) Global Development and Collaboration:

1) Capacity Building: International social work initiatives concentrate on enhancing the capabilities of communities and organizations in developing countries. This involves providing training, resources, and support to address social challenges and foster sustainable development.

2) Cross-Cultural Collaboration: Encouraging collaboration and partnerships among social workers from diverse cultural backgrounds and countries. This collaboration aims to combine knowledge, expertise, and resources to tackle global social issues more effectively.


c) Disaster Response and Humanitarian Aid:

1) Emergency Relief: Involves immediate assistance, humanitarian aid, and provision of social services to communities affected by natural disasters, conflicts, or crises. This includes shelter, food aid, medical support, and psychosocial assistance.

2) Rehabilitation and Reconstruction: Focuses on long-term recovery, rebuilding infrastructure, and restoring livelihoods post-disaster. It involves community development programs to ensure sustainable recovery efforts.


d) Migration and Refugee Support:

1) Support for Displaced Populations: Addresses the needs of refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants by offering social services, advocacy, and integration support. It focuses on their protection, resettlement, and access to essential resources.

2) Trauma-Informed Care: Provides specialized services for individuals affected by trauma, displacement, or forced migration. This includes mental health support, counseling, and trauma recovery programs.


e) Sustainable Development and Environment:

1) Environmental Social Work: Addresses the social implications of environmental degradation, climate change, and advocates for sustainable practices. It involves promoting eco-friendly initiatives and advocating for policies to mitigate environmental impact on communities.

2) Community Resilience: Aims at building resilient communities capable of coping with environmental and socio-economic challenges. This involves empowering communities to adapt, prepare, and respond to environmental changes.


f) Cross-Disciplinary Approaches:

1) Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Engages social workers with professionals from diverse fields such as health, education, and economics. This interdisciplinary collaboration aims to address complex global issues holistically, leveraging collective expertise.

2) Research and Innovation: Encourages collaborative research to develop innovative approaches to tackle global social problems. It emphasizes evidence-based practices, innovations in service delivery, and policy improvements.


It is vital to have collaborative efforts, advocacy, policy creation, and sustainable practices in order to handle global difficulties and promote social change on a worldwide scale. This is because these are the ways in which global challenges can be addressed. The multifaceted nature of international social work is brought into focus by the various perspectives and approaches that are represented here.


Q2) Discuss the emergence and growth of social work discipline in Asia.

Ans) The emergence and evolution of social work as a professional discipline in Asia have been shaped by diverse historical, cultural, and socio-political contexts. Understanding the trajectory of social work in the region involves examining several key factors that have contributed to its development.


a) Colonial Influence:

During the colonial era, Western missionaries and colonial administrators played a pivotal role in introducing charitable and welfare activities in Asian societies. Their efforts were primarily focused on addressing poverty, healthcare, and education. The foundations of social work were laid through these early charity-based initiatives, establishing the initial frameworks for social welfare.

b) Indigenous Traditions and Practices:

Asian cultures have strong indigenous traditions that emphasize communal support, familial ties, and community solidarity. These traditions influenced the early forms of social work, offering a basis for communal care and support. Social work practices gradually integrated these traditional values with modern approaches to cater to evolving societal needs.

c) Post-Independence Period:

Following independence, many Asian countries directed their efforts toward nation-building, which led to the establishment of social welfare institutions and government-led welfare programs. This period saw a shift toward formalizing social work structures and increasing investments in social services. The focus on professional social work education and training expanded to meet the growing demands for social services.

d) Globalization and Modernization:

Global influences significantly impacted social work in Asia, integrating global social work theories and practices into local contexts to address contemporary social issues. The growth of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society initiatives became crucial in addressing diverse social concerns, including human rights, poverty alleviation, and community development.

e) Challenges and Innovations:

Balancing Western social work theories with local cultural contexts and values has been a persistent challenge. Social workers strive to adapt and contextualize theories to be culturally sensitive and relevant. Emerging issues such as urbanization, migration, environmental concerns, and mental health have necessitated innovative approaches in social work practice and policy.

f) Regional Diversity:

The various cultural, political, and economic landscapes that exist in Asia have resulted in the creation of distinct methods to social work across the many regions of the continent. The diversity of social work techniques and solutions can be attributed, in part, to the fact that social issues, cultural norms, and government regulations have all been subject to variation.

g) Future Trajectory:

The future of social work in Asia is poised for continued growth and professionalization. There's increasing recognition of the critical role of social work in addressing complex social problems. Embracing technological advancements, investing in research, and fostering collaborations among Asian nations and global partners will be instrumental in advancing the field.


The evolution of social work in Asia represents a dynamic interplay between historical legacies, cultural contexts, and contemporary challenges. As the field continues to evolve, it will require a delicate balance between global best practices and culturally sensitive approaches to effectively address the diverse and evolving social needs of Asian societies.


Q3) Answer any two of the following questions in about 300 words each:


Q3a) Discuss the key debates around evolution and development of social work education in the world.

Ans) The evolution and development of social work education have sparked several debates and discussions globally, cantering around various key aspects:


a) Curriculum and Content:

1) Theoretical Emphasis: Debates on the balance between theory and practice in social work education, emphasizing the need for a robust theoretical foundation versus practical skills development.

2) Global vs. Local Relevance: Discussions around the inclusion of global perspectives while ensuring the relevance of local contexts and cultural sensitivities in the curriculum.


b) Pedagogy and Methodology:

1) Experiential Learning: Advocacy for more hands-on, experiential learning approaches versus traditional classroom-based teaching methods.

2) Integration of Technology: Debates on the effective use of technology in social work education, including online learning platforms, virtual simulations, and their impact on skill acquisition.


c) Diversity and Inclusion:

1) Cultural Competency: The need for culturally competent education that addresses diversity, equity, and inclusion within the curriculum and teaching practices.

2) Addressing Privilege and Power Dynamics: Debates on how social work education can effectively address issues of privilege, power, and social justice within the profession.


d) Field Education and Practice:

1) Field Placements: Discussions on the effectiveness of field placements in integrating theoretical knowledge with practical experience, ensuring students are adequately prepared for real-world practice.

2) Supervision and Mentorship: Debates on the quality and depth of supervision and mentorship provided to students during their field education experiences.


e) Accreditation and Standards:

1) Quality Assurance: Discussions around establishing and maintaining accreditation standards and benchmarks to ensure the quality and consistency of social work education programs.

2) Continuing Professional Development: Debates on the need for ongoing education and training for practicing social workers to keep abreast of evolving challenges and best practices.


f) Globalization and Contextualization:

1) Global Standardization: Debates on the standardization of social work education globally versus the need to contextualize education programs to local realities and needs.

2) Transnational Education: Discussions on the role of transnational education, partnerships, and collaborations in enhancing social work education across borders.


Q3b) What do you understand by International Social Work? Describe the major concerns in conceptualising international social work.

Ans) International social work refers to the practice, principles, and theories of social work applied on a global scale, transcending national boundaries to address social issues, human rights, and social justice across diverse cultural, political, and geographical contexts. It involves collaboration, exchange, and interventions that aim to address and alleviate social problems on an international level.


Major Concerns in Conceptualizing International Social Work


a) Cultural Sensitivity and Contextualization:

1) Cultural Diversity: Understanding and respecting diverse cultural norms, values, and practices without imposing Western-centric perspectives.

2) Contextual Relevance: Adapting social work practices to suit the unique socio-cultural and political contexts of different countries and regions.


b) Power Dynamics and Ethical Challenges:

1) Colonial Legacies: Addressing historical power imbalances and avoiding neo-colonial approaches in international interventions.

2) Ethical Dilemmas: Navigating ethical challenges related to cultural relativism, human rights, and conflicting values across cultures.


c) Resource Allocation and Sustainability:

1) Resource Disparities: Addressing unequal resource distribution and access to services between developed and developing countries.

2) Sustainability: Promoting sustainable interventions that empower local communities without creating dependency on external aid.


d) Cross-Border Collaboration and Partnerships:

1) Collaborative Models: Developing effective partnerships between international organizations, governments, NGOs, and local grassroots agencies for sustainable interventions.

2) Community Engagement: Involving local communities in the design and implementation of interventions for better ownership and sustainability.


e) Policy and Legal Frameworks:

1) Legal Constraints: Negotiating diverse legal frameworks and policies across countries that may impact the implementation of social work interventions.

2) Policy Harmonization: Advocating for international policies that prioritize human rights, social justice, and equitable social development.


f) Education and Professional Standards:

1) Educational Standards: Developing global standards for social work education that integrate diverse perspectives and prepare professionals for international practice.

2) Professional Competencies: Enhancing the skills and competencies of social workers to work effectively in cross-cultural and global contexts.


Q4) Answer any four of the following in about 150 words each:


Q4a) List out the reasons why developed countries provide aid to developing countries.

Ans) Developed countries offer aid to developing nations for various reasons, driven by both altruistic motives and strategic interests:

a) Humanitarian Assistance: Providing aid as a response to humanitarian crises, natural disasters, or emergencies to alleviate suffering and save lives.

b) Economic Development: Supporting economic growth and infrastructure development in developing countries, fostering stability, and creating potential markets for goods and services.

c) Geopolitical Influence: Using aid as a tool to build alliances, strengthen diplomatic relations, and exert soft power, enhancing their global influence and strategic positioning.

d) Trade and Investment Opportunities: Aid may facilitate access to new markets and investment opportunities, benefiting donor countries economically.

e) Security and Stability: Promoting peace, security, and stability in regions prone to conflict or political instability, which can have spill-over effects on global security.

f) Promoting Values and Ideals: Supporting democracy, human rights, and social justice aligning with the values and norms of donor countries.

g) Global Health Initiatives: Addressing global health challenges, such as pandemics and disease outbreaks, which can impact global health security.

h) Environmental Sustainability: Aiding in environmental conservation and sustainable development efforts to tackle climate change and ecological challenges.


Q4b) What are the functions of WHO?

Ans) The World Health Organization (WHO) serves various essential functions aimed at promoting global health and well-being:

a) Health Guidance and Policy: Providing leadership and guidance on global health issues, setting norms and standards, and formulating evidence-based health policies and strategies.

b) Health Monitoring and Surveillance: Conducting research, gathering health data, and monitoring global health trends to assess health risks and provide early warnings about health threats.

c) Health Emergency Response: Coordinating international responses to health emergencies, outbreaks, and disasters by mobilizing resources, expertise, and support to affected regions.

d) Health Promotion and Advocacy: Promoting health education, awareness, and advocacy campaigns to address major health challenges and improve public health practices globally.

e) Technical Support and Capacity Building: Providing technical assistance, expertise, and training to strengthen health systems, build capacity, and enhance healthcare infrastructure in member countries.

f) Partnerships and Collaboration: Fostering partnerships, collaborations, and alliances with governments, international organizations, and stakeholders to advance global health agendas and initiatives.

g) Health Equity and Access: Working towards achieving health equity, ensuring access to essential healthcare services, medicines, and vaccines for all, especially in underserved and vulnerable populations.


Q4c) List out some of the early beginnings which led to the emergence of social work profession in Europe

Ans) The emergence of the social work profession in Europe has roots in several early beginnings:

a) Charity and Philanthropy: Historically, charitable activities by religious institutions, monasteries, and guilds were prevalent across Europe, providing relief to the poor, sick, and marginalized.

b) Rise of Industrialization: The 19th century industrialization brought about social upheaval, leading to poor living conditions, exploitation, and social unrest, prompting philanthropic responses to address societal challenges.

c) Social Reform Movements: Influential social reformers like Octavia Hill, Charles Dickens, and Josephine Butler advocated for social change, highlighting issues such as housing, child welfare, and healthcare, laying the groundwork for social reforms.

d) Founding of Settlement Houses: Pioneering initiatives like Toynbee Hall in London and Hull House in Chicago (influenced by European models) were founded, providing community-based services, education, and social support to marginalized urban populations.

e) Institutional Developments: The establishment of public and private charitable organizations, as well as the professionalization of social work training and education, contributed to the formalization of the social work profession across Europe by the late 19th and early 20th centuries.


Q4d) Briefly discuss the present status of social work discipline in Israel.

Ans) In Israel, the discipline of social work holds significant importance and has evolved to address the diverse social challenges prevalent in the country. Key aspects of the present status of social work in Israel include:


a) Professionalization and Education:

1) Established Education Programs: Israel boasts well-established social work education programs at various universities offering bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

2) Accredited Professional Body: The Israeli Association of Social Workers oversees professional standards and ethical guidelines for social work practice.


b) Diverse Practice Areas:

1) Wide-ranging Services: Social workers in Israel engage in diverse fields such as child welfare, mental health, healthcare, community development, and working with marginalized populations like immigrants and refugees.

2) Holistic Approach: Social work in Israel often adopts a holistic approach, integrating clinical, community, and advocacy roles.


c) Advocacy and Social Change:

1) Advocacy Efforts: Social workers play a crucial role in advocating for social justice, human rights, and policy reforms to address societal issues.

2) Community Engagement: There's a strong emphasis on community engagement and empowerment in social work practice, involving communities in the process of change and development.


d) Challenges:

1) Resource Constraints: Challenges related to resource allocation and meeting the increasing demand for social services.

2) Addressing Inequality: Efforts to address social inequalities and disparities among diverse populations within Israel.


e) Innovation and Research:

1) Innovative Approaches: Utilization of innovative practices and research in social work to address contemporary challenges.

2) Partnerships and Collaborations: Collaboration with international entities and organizations to exchange knowledge and practices.


Q5) Write short notes on any five of the following in about 100 words each:


Q5a) Goals of international social work

Ans) The goals of international social work encompass a broad spectrum of objectives aimed at addressing global social challenges, promoting human rights, and fostering social justice across borders:

a) Human Rights Advocacy: Protecting and advocating for the rights and dignity of individuals and communities worldwide.

b) Social Justice and Equality: Working towards reducing social inequalities, discrimination, and disparities on a global scale.

c) Community Empowerment: Empowering communities to address their own social problems, fostering self-sufficiency and resilience.

d) Global Development: Contributing to sustainable development, poverty reduction, and improving living standards for vulnerable populations.

e) Cross-Cultural Collaboration: Facilitating collaboration and partnerships across cultures, promoting mutual understanding and shared solutions to global issues.


Q5b) Membership criteria for ICSW

Ans) The International Council on Social Welfare (ICSW) has specific criteria for membership, including:

a) Professional Status: Membership is typically open to organizations, institutions, or associations engaged in social welfare, social development, or social work professions.

b) Commitment to ICSW Objectives: Prospective members should align with ICSW's mission, objectives, and principles, emphasizing social justice, human rights, and social welfare advancement globally.

c) Reputation and Credibility: Organizations seeking membership should demonstrate a credible track record, adherence to ethical standards, and a commitment to promoting social well-being.

d) Active Engagement: Participation in ICSW activities, collaborations, and contributions toward the advancement of social welfare and social development on a national and international level are often considered.


Q5c) Octavia Hill

Ans) Octavia Hill (1838–1912) was a pioneering social reformer, philanthropist, and housing reform advocate in Victorian England. She is renowned for her impactful work in housing, open spaces, and social welfare:

a) Housing Reforms: Hill focused on improving housing conditions for the urban poor, establishing the first housing trust, and advocating for decent, affordable housing.

b) Open Spaces and Nature Preservation: She campaigned for the preservation of green spaces in cities, believing in the importance of access to nature for the well-being of urban dwellers.

c) Social Activism: Hill was a passionate advocate for social reform, emphasizing the value of community engagement and empowering individuals through education and access to open spaces. Her legacy includes her innovative approach to housing and her dedication to improving the lives of the disadvantaged.


Q5d) UNICEF

Ans) UNICEF, the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, is a UN agency dedicated to advocating for the rights and well-being of children globally. Established in 1946, it provides humanitarian aid, healthcare, education, and protection to children in over 190 countries and territories. UNICEF focuses on ensuring every child's right to survival, development, protection, and participation. It works to address issues such as child poverty, education, nutrition, healthcare, sanitation, and protection from violence, exploitation, and discrimination. Through partnerships with governments, NGOs, and communities, UNICEF aims to create sustainable and inclusive environments where children can thrive and reach their full potential.


Q5e) Global Regulatory Bodies

Ans) Global regulatory bodies in social work oversee standards, ethics, and guidelines for professional practice across borders:

a) International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW): Sets global standards, promotes the development of social work, and advocates for social justice and human rights.

b) International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW): Focuses on social work education, accreditation, and promoting excellence in social work teaching and research.

c) Council on Social Work Education (CSWE): A US-based organization that accredits social work education programs globally, ensuring quality education and professional standards.

d) International Council on Social Welfare (ICSW): Advocates for social development, social justice, and welfare policies at a global level, fostering collaboration among nations.

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