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BABG-171: Understanding Ambedkar

BABG-171: Understanding Ambedkar

IGNOU Solved Assignment Solution for 2023-24

If you are looking for BABG-171 IGNOU Solved Assignment solution for the subject Understanding Ambedkar, you have come to the right place. BABG-171 solution on this page applies to 2023-24 session students studying in BAG, BAJDM courses of IGNOU.

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Assignment Code: ASST /TMA /July 2023-24

Course Code: BABG-171

Assignment Name: Understanding B.R.Ambedkar

Year: 2023-24

Verification Status: Verified by Professor


Answer the following in about 500 words each.

Q1) Discuss Ambedkar’s idea on nation building.

Ans) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a prominent figure in the struggle for social justice and a key architect of the Indian Constitution, had a profound and visionary perspective on nation-building. His ideas on nation-building were deeply rooted in the principles of equality, justice, and democracy, and they continue to influence India's socio-political landscape.

Ambedkar's vision for nation-building was primarily focused on addressing the deeply entrenched social inequalities and caste-based discrimination that plagued Indian society. He believed that a strong and vibrant nation could only be built upon the foundation of social justice and equal rights for all its citizens. He argued that a society divided by caste and untouchability could not truly progress and that the nation's development would remain stunted if these issues were not adequately addressed.

One of Ambedkar's fundamental ideas for nation-building was the annihilation of caste. He envisioned a society where caste distinctions were abolished, and individuals were treated based on their abilities and merits rather than their social background. He believed that a casteless society was essential to ensure equal opportunities and to foster a sense of unity among the citizens. To achieve this, he advocated for affirmative action policies, including reservations in education and employment for historically marginalized communities, to uplift them and integrate them into the national mainstream.

Ambedkar was a staunch advocate of education as a means of social empowerment and nation-building. He believed that education was the most effective tool for the emancipation of the oppressed and marginalized sections of society. He emphasized the need to provide quality education to all, irrespective of their caste or socio-economic background. Education, in his view, was the key to economic and social progress and would enable individuals to participate actively in the nation's development.

In addition to education, Ambedkar stressed the importance of political participation and empowerment for marginalized communities. He argued that political representation was crucial for their voices to be heard and their concerns to be addressed. He played a pivotal role in ensuring reserved seats for Scheduled Castes in the Indian Parliament, thus enabling them to actively participate in the democratic process.

Ambedkar's vision of nation-building also extended to economic development and social welfare. He believed that economic equality was a prerequisite for a just and harmonious society. His focus on economic justice led to the inclusion of provisions in the Indian Constitution that aimed at securing the economic well-being of the socially disadvantaged, such as land reforms and protection from economic exploitation.

Furthermore, Ambedkar emphasized the need for gender equality in nation-building. He argued that the upliftment of women and their active participation in various spheres of life were essential for the overall development of the nation. His efforts led to the inclusion of gender equality provisions in the Indian Constitution.

Ambedkar's ideas on nation-building also had a global perspective. He was a firm believer in democracy, liberty, and the rule of law. He saw these principles as the cornerstone of a just and progressive nation. He was a strong advocate of social and political rights, not just for India but for all nations. His commitment to these principles was reflected in his role as the chairperson of the drafting committee of the Indian Constitution, which remains one of the most comprehensive and progressive democratic documents in the world.

Q2) What solutions does Ambedkar offer for a casteless society in India? Explain.

Ans) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a prominent Indian social reformer, and the chief architect of the Indian Constitution, offered several solutions for the establishment of a casteless society in India. His vision was deeply rooted in principles of social justice, equality, and democracy.

  • Annihilation of Caste: Ambedkar passionately believed that the primarily step toward achieving a casteless society was the annihilation of the caste system itself. He argued for the complete eradication of caste distinctions from the social fabric of India. This involved challenging the deeply ingrained beliefs and practices that upheld caste hierarchies. He called for a radical rethinking of societal norms and the abandonment of discriminatory customs.

  • Affirmative Action: Ambedkar recognized that marginalized communities, particularly the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, had been historically oppressed and denied equal opportunities. To rectify this historical injustice, he advocated for affirmative action policies. These policies included reservations in education, employment, and political representation for these communities. These reservations were aimed at providing a level playing field, allowing marginalized groups to catch up with the rest of the society in terms of education and economic opportunities.

  • Educational Empowerment: Ambedkar believed that education was the most potent weapon for social transformation. He stressed the importance of making quality education accessible to all, regardless of their caste or social background. He envisioned a society where every child, irrespective of their caste, would have access to the best educational facilities. He advocated for the establishment of schools and colleges to uplift marginalized communities and give them the skills and knowledge necessary to compete on an equal footing.

  • Political Representation: Political participation and representation were crucial aspects of Ambedkar's solution for a casteless society. He argued that political representation was essential to ensure that the voices of the marginalized were heard and their concerns addressed. Ambedkar played a pivotal role in securing reserved seats for Scheduled Castes in the Indian Parliament, allowing them to actively participate in the democratic process and shape policies that affected their lives.

  • Economic Justice: Ambedkar was deeply concerned with economic disparities that further perpetuated caste divisions. He advocated for economic justice through land reforms and policies that protected marginalized communities from economic exploitation. His aim was to ensure that these communities were not deprived of their rightful share in the nation's economic prosperity.

  • Inter-Caste Marriages: One of Ambedkar's radical solutions for eradicating caste was promoting inter-caste marriages. He believed that inter-caste marriages could break down caste barriers and lead to the dissolution of the caste system. He even set an example by marrying a Brahmin woman, thereby challenging the norms of his time.

  • Social Awareness and Advocacy: Ambedkar was a proponent of social awareness and advocacy to challenge caste-based discrimination. He encouraged people to question age-old customs and rituals that upheld the caste system. He emphasized the importance of promoting social reform movements that aimed at creating awareness and driving change.

  • Gender Equality: Ambedkar also recognized the importance of gender equality in the pursuit of a casteless society. He advocated for the empowerment of women, emphasizing that their participation in various spheres of life was crucial for the overall development of the nation.

  • Rule of Law: Ambedkar believed in the rule of law and democratic principles as essential for upholding social justice and ensuring the protection of the rights of marginalized communities. He played a pivotal role in the drafting of the Indian Constitution, which enshrined these principles, laying a strong foundation for a more inclusive and just society.


Answer the following questions in about 250 words each.

Q3) Explain Ambedkar’s contribution towards gender equality in India.

Ans) Ambedkar’s contribution towards gender equality in India are the following:

  • Inclusion in the Constitution: Ambedkar played a crucial role in the framing of the Indian Constitution. Under his guidance, it was ensured that the Constitution enshrined gender equality as a fundamental right. This commitment to gender equality is reflected in provisions related to equal pay for equal work and the abolition of practices that discriminate against women.

  • Women's Representation: Ambedkar advocated for the inclusion of women in political processes. He believed that the participation of women in governance was essential for the development of the nation. His efforts contributed to the inclusion of reservations for women in local self-government bodies, such as Panchayats and Municipalities, which has empowered women to actively participate in decision-making.

  • Marriage and Family Laws: Ambedkar was a strong advocate for reforming personal laws that discriminated against women. He played a significant role in the framing of the Hindu Code Bill, which aimed to provide legal rights and protections for Hindu women. While this bill faced opposition, it laid the groundwork for later reforms in personal laws to ensure women's rights in marriage, divorce, and property.

  • Education for Women: Ambedkar emphasized the importance of education for women. He believed that education was a powerful tool for women's empowerment and encouraged their access to quality education. His efforts helped pave the way for increased educational opportunities for women in India.

  • Social Awareness: Ambedkar promoted social awareness on issues of gender discrimination. He urged people to question and challenge regressive customs and traditions that oppressed women. His writings and speeches often highlighted the need for society to recognize and address gender-based inequalities.

  • Advocacy for Women's Rights: Ambedkar was a vocal advocate for women's rights and their social and economic empowerment. He called for women to be treated as equal citizens and advocated for their right to make choices about their lives and careers.

Q4) Discuss Ambedkar’s understanding of untouchability.

Ans) Discrimination Based on Caste: Ambedkar was aware of the fact that India's traditional caste structure manifested itself in the form of the practise of untouchability. It involves classifying people as "untouchables" or Dalits, people who were considered impure and who were outside of the conventional varna system. This prejudice was based on the individual's birthplace as well as their perceived level of ritual purity.

  • Social Exclusion: Ambedkar recognized that untouchability led to the social exclusion of a significant section of the population. Untouchables were denied access to public places, religious institutions, and basic civic amenities. They were marginalized, oppressed, and often subjected to inhumane treatment.

  • Economic Exploitation: Ambedkar saw untouchability as not only a social issue but also an economic one. Untouchables were often relegated to menial and degrading occupations, resulting in economic exploitation and poverty. They were denied access to resources and opportunities.

  • Religious Discrimination: Ambedkar observed that untouchability had a religious dimension, as it was often justified using the Hindu religious scriptures. He criticized the religious practices and texts that perpetuated the idea of untouchability.

  • Struggle for Social Justice: Ambedkar's understanding of untouchability was coupled with his unwavering commitment to the eradication of this practice. He believed that untouchability was a grave injustice that hindered India's progress, and he dedicated his life to fighting against it through various social and political movements.

  • Legal Reforms: Ambedkar played a pivotal role in shaping the legal framework to combat untouchability. He actively campaigned for the enactment of laws and provisions in the Indian Constitution that aimed to abolish untouchability and protect the rights of Dalits.

Q5) What is gold exchange standard? How is it different from gold standard?

Ans) The gold exchange standard is a monetary system that is different from the traditional gold standard. In both systems, gold plays a significant role in regulating the value of a country's currency, but there are key distinctions between the two:

Gold Standard

Under the gold standard, the value of a country's currency is linked to a specific quantity of gold. Each unit of currency, such as a banknote or coin, is redeemable for its equivalent value in gold. Gold reserves are held by the central bank, and these reserves back the entire money supply of the country. The gold standard requires that the amount of gold in reserves is directly proportional to the amount of currency in circulation. The system is typically characterized by strict adherence to the gold-to-currency exchange rate, which remains fixed or subject to limited fluctuations. The gold standard is considered a rigid system and can be challenging to maintain during economic fluctuations.

Gold Exchange Standard

In the gold exchange standard, a country's currency is not directly convertible into gold. Instead, the country holds its reserves in the form of foreign currencies, primarily those of countries that are on the gold standard. Central banks maintain reserves in gold-convertible currencies and are willing to exchange their own currency for these foreign currencies at a fixed exchange rate. This system allows countries to hold reserves in currencies that are backed by gold, rather than holding gold directly. The currency is indirectly linked to gold through foreign exchange reserves. The gold exchange standard provides more flexibility than the traditional gold standard because it allows for adjustments in currency supply and exchange rates based on economic conditions.


Write a note on the following in about 100 words each.

Q6) Ambedkar’s economic analysis of the caste system.

Ans) In his economic analysis of the caste system, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar highlighted the significance that the caste system plays in maintaining economic inequality. He contended that the caste system, in which people were assigned to particular professions based on their birth, led to an unfair distribution of wealth and opportunity. Because of this segregation, the lower castes were subjected to economic exploitation and poverty, while the upper castes reaped the benefits of the situation. Ambedkar was of the opinion that the caste system was a substantial impediment to both economic development and social justice, and that it thus needed to be abolished in order for a society to arise that was fair and equitable.

Q7) State socialism.

Ans)State socialism is an economic and political philosophy in which the government or state assumes a dominating position in the ownership and management of vital businesses, services, and resources. This gives the state socialism a greater degree of economic and political power. It entails government intervention in numerous elements of the economy, including production, distribution, and pricing, with the goal of promoting economic equality and social welfare through the process. Policies such as central planning, the nationalisation of enterprises, and expansive welfare programmes are frequently part of a socialist state. It is distinct from other types of socialism in that it places a heavy emphasis on state control rather than worker or community ownership. This gives it a distinct advantage over other types of socialism.

Q8) Ambedkar’s view on Indian village.

Ans) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar saw the traditional Indian village from a critical standpoint. He considered the community as a breeding ground for discrimination and inequality based on caste, a place where untouchability and social hierarchies were strongly rooted. He described the hamlet as a "hotbed." Ambedkar was of the opinion that the structure of the village was one of the primary factors that contributed to the ongoing oppression of underprivileged populations and that it should be altered. He advocated for decentralised governance and land reforms, both of which would provide those who are oppressed more authority and help alleviate the socioeconomic gaps that are prominent in rural regions. Ambedkar's ideas aspired to make the Indian village into a community that practised social justice and provided equal access to opportunities.

Q9) Ambedkar’s view on social democracy.

Ans) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was a fervent supporter of social democracy as a means of advancing social justice in India. He was of the opinion that a democratic political system on its own was not sufficient to solve the deeply ingrained social disparities, particularly the discrimination based on caste. Ambedkar emphasised the significance of a robust social democracy that guarantees equal rights, representation, and opportunity for all citizens, despite the fact that caste and socioeconomic background are factors to consider in these categories. He considered social democracy as a means to create a good society that preserves the principles of equality and human dignity. He emphasised that social and economic equality should be a complement to political democracy.

Q10) Small holdings.

Ans) The term "small holding" refers to relatively small parcels of land that are often farmed by individuals or families and are under their ownership and management. Small farms like these typically have a smaller land area and engage in agricultural operations that require a lot of manual labour. Small holdings are common in many parts of the world, particularly in countries that are either densely populated or in the process of developing. They may face challenges such as limited economies of scale, vulnerability to economic fluctuations, and difficulties accessing modern technology and agricultural resources. Despite the fact that they can support subsistence farming and contribute to local food production, they may face these challenges. Another cause of land fragmentation is when one generation passes on their inherited land to the next and divides it up into smaller parcels.

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