If you are looking for MJM-020 IGNOU Solved Assignment solution for the subject Introduction to Journalism and Mass Communication, you have come to the right place. MJM-020 solution on this page applies to 2022-23 session students studying in MAJMC, PGJMC, MAJEM, PGDEME courses of IGNOU.
MJM-020 Solved Assignment Solution by Gyaniversity
Assignment Code: MJM-020 / July 2022 / January 2023
Course Code: MJM-020
Assignment Name: Introduction to Journalism and Mass Communication
Year: 2022 - 2023
Verification Status: Verified by Professor
Note: Answer all the questions. All questions carry equal marks = 20 each
Attempt each question in about 500 words
Q 1. Choose any two media theories of your choice and analyse how it fits in the current media scenario. (400 words)
1. Authoritarian Theory of Media
A publication based on authoritarian ideals does not question the authority of the state. Even though journalists are free to report, they do not publish or broadcast anything that does not paint a favourable picture of the state. This thesis supports the concept that doubting the authority of the state is harmful to a nation's morale. This type of press employs censorship in order to improve the public's impression of the government. As a result, there is no such thing as free speech because the government controls what is published in the media.
Authoritarian Theory of Media Examples
The media during Adolf Hitler's reign is a notable example of this. Hitler used propaganda to ensure that his views were widely spread, in addition to exerting control over what was written in the press. Another example can be found in Uganda and Zambia in the 1990s, when journalists who asked difficult questions during interviews were routinely sentenced to prison time. A more recent example can be found in the North Korean news, which frequently delivers erroneous accounts of events in other parts of the world and only very rarely allows residents to access resources that are not sourced in North Korea. In addition, there are countries that are transitioning away from authoritarian rule. For example, in the twenty-first century, Burma began to relax press restrictions.
2. Libertarian Theory of Media
The freedom of the press is an important component of libertarian thought since it allows for the dissemination of information. As a result of this, it is also referred to as the normative theory of mass communication. The outlets of mass media have completed editorial independence and may publish any news or information they deem appropriate. The country's press serves an important role as the watchdog of the country's communities and societies. The WikiLeaks platform may on occasion make secret documents available to the general public. Because of this, the governments of many nations around the world do not permit the practise of libertarian press systems, which can influence the political parties that ultimately constitute the government.
Libertarian Theory of Media Examples
To begin with, the government does not require mass media and communication systems to publish news. Even when they criticise the government's activities, the press is independent of the government. As a result, journalists and media professionals directly manage the press.
People can use social media or traditional media, such as newspapers, to criticise current government policies and activities. Everything may now be found on the internet. Wiki leaks websites made public a variety of private or restricted content, including classified documents.
Q 2. What are the ways in which internet has affected the traditional media of print and electronic? Cite industry reports indicating internet proliferation in India during the COVID times. (500 words)
Ans) Since its creation in the 1990s, the Internet has greatly impacted print media and journalism. Few journalists wanted to be identified with the Internet at the start of the decade. In 1994, some journalists believed the Internet would transform their work.
By 1997, the Internet was a vital aspect of journalism. Internet has profoundly changed journalism. It's a publication medium and reporting tool. It's a focus of journalism education. Journalists' social responsibility to inform the public and journalism ethics have been questioned. Because the Internet is a global media, its global impact has been questioned. The Internet's invasiveness, especially in journalism, has sparked debate among scholars, journalists, and the public.
Internet Proliferation in India
India was the second-largest online market in the world, after China, with over 900 million users. Despite the vast number and ongoing improvements in accessibility, the country's internet penetration rate was slightly under 50%, which was below the global average. By the end of 2020, India is expected to have 639 million monthly active internet users, thanks to the coronavirus lockdown that has kept people inside their homes with little else to do.
The number of monthly active internet users, currently estimated at 574 million, has grown annually by 24%, corresponding to a penetration rate of 41% in 2019. These observations come from Kantar, a data, insights, and consultancy company, and their ICUBETM report.
Rural India is leading the digital revolution, with internet usage growing by 45% there in 2019 as opposed to just 11% in urban areas. Rural India currently has 264 million internet users, and by 2020, that number is anticipated to rise to 304 million. With 2.5 times increase in population penetration over the past four years, local language material and video are the driving forces behind the internet explosion in rural India. Additionally, mobile is the preferred device as it is used by all active users to access the internet.
The annual tracking study measures internet usage by demographic, activity, and device sectors to assess India's evolving digital ecosystem. The survey, which was started in 1998, included over 75,000 respondents from 390 cities and other urban areas as well as more than 1,300 villages. Lakshadweep is the only Union Territory and state that is not represented in the study.
Approximately 84% of consumers utilise the internet for entertainment. In addition to convenient content availability across devices and on-the-go affordable internet services, the year 2019 saw a surge in OTT (over-the-top streaming), both audio and video, driven by original content and cricket. This led to a significant increase in entertainment consumption for the entire year.
Users have been forced to experiment with different digital solutions as a result of the coronavirus lockdown, some out of choice and some out of need. In times of social isolation, the convenience of accessing services and taking advantage of their benefits from the comfort of home will continue to encourage users to adopt and use multiple Internet services, according to a statement from Biswapriya Bhattacharjee, vice president of Kantar's insights division. She added that the year 2020 is likely to witness a tectonic shift in both Internet adoption and frequency of usage.
Q 3. Select any two language dailies of your choice. Compare their editorial pages and present the differences in a tabular form. (350 words)
Ans) The newspapers used here are two dailies, one in English (Times of India) and one in Punjabi (Ajit, a local newspaper). The Times of India is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by the Times Group. It is the third-biggest newspaper in India by circulation and the world's largest selling English-language daily. The Ajit is a Punjab-based daily newspaper published largely in Jalandhar, India, and is owned by the Sadhu Singh Hamdard trust. The publications cover current events in business, politics, sports, fashion, Punjabi and Hindu cinema, as well as national and international news items from around the world.
Differences in Editorial Pages
Q 4. Which elements of a podcast make it unique and better than earlier broadcasts? Write the concept and idea of a podcast for children up to ten years of age. (500 words)
Ans) The idea that any given piece of content is good is ultimately a subjective one; what you love as familiar and authentic, someone else might dismiss as hackneyed and derivative. Despite this, people often come together and elevate certain works as popular and lend them importance through the sheer number of unique voices who agree on their merits.
Five Elements of a Good Podcast
1. Focus on a central idea.
Good podcasts know their primary point and how to say it. If you want to develop a podcast on food recipes but spend most of your time talking about football, your listeners will go elsewhere for cooking content. Each podcast episode promises that the creator will examine the show's key principles.
2. Play to an audience.
Podcasts have the remarkable ability to target a specific niche in whatever subject matter they are covering — unlike traditional radio broadcasting that, due to limited airtime, had to try and appeal to as many listeners as possible. With this change, knowing who you’re making content for is more important than ever.
3. Regular schedules.
Podcast consumers have expectations of content creators. You’re performing a show after all! Like with television programs, having a release schedule that your audience can trust is crucial for maintaining engagement and increasing visibility on your work.
4. Show structure.
A good podcaster is intentional about how their show is structured, using it to organize and express their ideas in a way that forms a meaningful story for your audience, even if it’s simply a meaningful development in the conversation being had by the podcast’s hosts.
Podcasting is an intimate medium determined by the host(s) and listener. By being real and vulnerable, a good podcast developer allows their listeners to connect with them. This sympathetic relationship between audience and host keeps viewers engaged.
By executing on each of the elements of a good podcast ensures the show is as impactful for you or your business as it was always meant to be.
Concept and Idea of Podcasts for Children
A podcast is a collection or series of digital audio files that are made available for downloading or listening via the Internet. Each individual audio recording is known as a podcast episode. Podcasts are typically hosted by an individual or individuals who lead a conversation, share stories, or report the news.
Comedy is a top podcasting genre, but other topics like news, true crime, science, pop culture and health are also popular. Ultimately, listeners look for entertainment, valuable information or thought-provoking topics.
Best kids' podcasts are more like radio plays, using music, sound effects, and numerous voices to present engaging stories. This podcast answers reality-based inquiries from interested children. Why do butterflies fly, why is the sea salty, and why is the sky blue?
Kids' podcasts have never been better. These pods will inspire imaginations, introduce new ideas, and make kids snort apple juice. Some double as sleep soothers when paired with the best children's stories. There are mysteries, comedies, and fairy tales. You'll always find something great.
Q 5. Conceptualise and plan a fund raiser to promote tribal art through digital means. (400 words)
Ans) The Adivasi Arts Trust has finished ten years of work devoted to leveraging digital media to promote Indian tribal art and tales. The artists acquire the skills necessary to adapt their artistic and oral traditions to animated form, making them much more broadly available.
Children in India are fans of animation. However, they haven't yet created any of their own stories. The Adivasi Arts Trust's first compilation of animated tribal folktales from India, "Tales of the Tribes," was created through collaborations between traditional and contemporary artists. This series consists of five tales about native Indians. Participants in tribal animation workshops held in Nagaland, Sikkim, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Arunachal Pradesh chose the stories.
In order to broadcast "Tales of the Tribes" for local and international audiences, the Trust now needs funding to master the films into seven languages, including five indigenous languages in addition to Hindi and English.
The money donated through this campaign will be used to cover the final technical expenses associated with creating several DVDs and mastering them, as well as to plan screenings and workshops for students in Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Manipur. Any additional funding will aid in the project's continued outreach to a wider audience. This satisfies the Trust's ethical obligation to return the stories to its partners and the local communities.
Fund Raising through Digital Means
We started a company named Art Culture Studio in December 2020 and met with more than 200 artists and cultural entrepreneurs. As of September 2021, the Tribal Movement is active. For three days, we gathered more than 130 artists and creatives. There were discussions, performances, and a great deal of contact between artists and communities that had never met before.
We are here today for that reason. We introduced the Tribe Membership Card, the first cultural card created by artists for artists, to support and grow our community because our tribe has always been at the centre of all we do.
A start-up called Art Culture Studio seeks to reimagine civilization via art and culture. We accomplish this through displaying a variety of talents, developing several cooperative solutions, hosting live and recorded events, educating children, and encouraging the growth of their creative abilities. In parallel, we're establishing a dynamic and educational local media platform.
We want to establish once and for all that art and culture can be a powerful weapon for both economic and social development.
Come Join and Support THE TRIBE.
Get your member card and join the movement!
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